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Business power and tax reform: taxing income and profits in Chile and Argentina

Fairfield, Tasha (2010) Business power and tax reform: taxing income and profits in Chile and Argentina. Latin American Politics and Society, 52 (2). pp. 37-71. ISSN 1531-426X

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Identification Number: 10.1111/j.1548-2456.2010.00081.x


This article examines efforts to increase taxation of highly concentrated, undertapped income and profits in Latin America in the aftermath of structural adjustment. Argentina has advanced further than Chile in two policy areas: corporate taxation, which taps firm-level profits; and tax agency access to bank information, which helps reduce income tax evasion. These outcomes are explained by drawing on the classic concepts of business instrumental power, which entails political actions, and structural power, which arises from investment decisions. In Chile, strong instrumental power removed reforms in both areas from the policy agenda. In Argentina, much weaker instrumental power at the cross-sectoral level facilitated corporate tax increases. Bank information access was expanded after Argentina's 2001 crisis weakened the financial sector's instrumental power and reduced structural power.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2010 University of Miami
Divisions: International Development
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
JEL classification: M - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting > M2 - Business Economics > M21 - Business Economics
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2012 09:45
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2024 02:15

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