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Class, power, and patronage: landowners and politics in Punjab

Javid, Hassan (2011) Class, power, and patronage: landowners and politics in Punjab. History and Anthropology, 22 (3). pp. 337-369. ISSN 0275-7206

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Identification Number: 10.1080/02757206.2011.595006


In the century following their conquest of the province, the British in Punjab erected an administrative apparatus that, like those of precolonial regimes, relied heavily upon the support of the province's landed class. The relationship between the landed class and the colonial state was one of mutual benefit, with the latter using the former to ensure the maintenance of order and collection of revenue in exchange for state patronage. In this paper, it is argued that this administrative framework gave rise to a path-dependent process of institutional development in Punjab, allowing for the different fractions of the province's landowning class to increasingly entrench themselves within the political order in the postcolonial epoch. This paper outlines the mechanisms underlying this process of institutional development, focusing, in particular, on the strategies adopted by the landowning class to reproduce its power. This paper also considers the potentialities for institutional change in Punjab, allowing for the creation of a more democratic and participatory politics in the province.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2011 Taylor & Francis
Divisions: Sociology
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD100 Land Use
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
J Political Science > JV Colonies and colonization. Emigration and immigration. International migration
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2011 09:00
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2024 05:06

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