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Multi-product firms and trade liberalization

Bernard, Andrew B., Redding, Stephen and Schott, Peter K. (2006) Multi-product firms and trade liberalization. 769. Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.

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Abstract

This paper develops a general equilibrium model of multi-product firms and analyzes their behavior during trade liberalization. Firm productivity in a given product is modeled as a combination of firm-level “ability” and firmproduct- level “expertise”, both of which are stochastic and unknown prior to the firm’s payment of a sunk cost of entry. Higher firm-level ability raises a firm’s productivity across all products, which induces a positive correlation between a firm’s intensive (output per product) and extensive (number of products) margins. Trade liberalization fosters productivity growth within and across firms and in aggregate by inducing firms to shed marginally productive products and forcing the lowest-productivity firms to exit. Though exporters produce a smaller range of products after liberalization, they increase the share of products sold abroad as well as exports per product. All of these adjustments are shown to be relatively more pronounced in countries’ comparative advantage industries.

Item Type: Monograph (Discussion Paper)
Official URL: http://cep.lse.ac.uk/
Additional Information: © 2006 A. B. Bernard, S. J. Redding and P. K. Schott
Library of Congress subject classification: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Journal of Economic Literature Classification System: F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F13 - Commercial Policy; Protection; Promotion; Trade Negotiations; International Trade Organizations
L - Industrial Organization > L1 - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance > L11 - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F12 - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies
Sets: Collections > Economists Online
Research centres and groups > Centre for Economic Performance (CEP)
Departments > Economics
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Identification Number: 769
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2008
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/3684/

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