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Taxation and international migration of superstars: evidence from the European football market

Kleven, Henrik Jacobsen and Landais, Camille and Saez, Emmanuel (2010) Taxation and international migration of superstars: evidence from the European football market. Working Paper Series, 16545. National Bureau of Economic Research.

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Identification Number: 16545

Abstract

This paper analyzes the effects of top earnings tax rates on the international migration of top football players in Europe. We construct a panel data set of top earnings tax rates, football player careers, and club performances in the first leagues of 14 European countries since 1980. We identify the effects of top earnings tax rates on migration using a number of tax and institutional changes: (a) the 1995 Bosman ruling which liberalized the European football market, (b) top tax rate reforms within countries, and (c) special tax schemes offering preferential tax rates to immigrant football players. We start by presenting reduced-form graphical evidence showing large and compelling migration responses to country-specific tax reforms and labor market regulation. We then set out a theoretical model of taxation and migration, which is structurally estimated using all sources of tax variation simultaneously. Our results show that (i) the overall location elasticity with respect to the net-of-tax rate is positive and large, (ii) location elasticities are extremely large at the top of the ability distribution but negative at the bottom due to ability sorting effects, and (iii) cross-tax effects of foreign players on domestic players (and vice versa) are negative and quite strong due to displacement effects. Finally, we estimate tax revenue maximizing rates and draw policy conclusions.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Official URL: http://www.nber.org/papers/w16545
Additional Information: © 2010 The Author
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HJ Public Finance
Sets: Departments > Economics
Collections > Economists Online
Research centres and groups > Centre for Economic Performance (CEP)
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2011 09:05
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2011 09:25
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/35698

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