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Global welfare regimes: a cluster analysis

Abu Sharkh, Miriam and Gough, Ian ORCID: 0000-0002-0597-3106 (2010) Global welfare regimes: a cluster analysis. Global Social Policy, 10 (1). pp. 27-58. ISSN 1468-0181

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Identification Number: 10.1177/1468018109355035


This article tests the claim that a small number of distinct ‘welfare regimes’, combining institutional patterns and social welfare outcomes, can be identified across the developing world. It develops a methodology for clustering a large number of developing countries, identifying and ranking their welfare regimes, assessing their stability over the decade 1990—2000, and relating these to important structural variables. It confirms the distinction between three meta-welfare regimes: proto-welfare state regimes, informal security regimes and insecurity regimes. However, it discriminates between relatively successful and failing informal security regimes. Regime membership is ‘sticky’ over time, but has been modified by two global trends: the HIV-AIDS pandemic in Africa and the growing role of remittances in some countries.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2010 SAGE
Divisions: Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
H Social Sciences > HJ Public Finance
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2011 14:23
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2024 04:21

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