Greenwood, Jeremy, Kircher, Philipp and Tertil, Michèle (2010) An equilibrium model of the African HIV/AIDS epidemic. In: 7th Vienna macroeconomics conference, 08-09 Oct 2010, Rome, Italy.
An equilibrium search model of the Malawian HIV/AIDS epidemic is presented. Individuals engage in different types of sexual activity, which vary in their riskiness. When choosing a sexual activity, such as short-term sex without a condom, a person rationally considers its risk. A simulated version of the model is parameterized to match some salient facts about the Malawian epidemic. Some topical policies (e.g., male circumcision, treatment of other STDs, and promoting marriage) are studied and found to have potential to backfire: Moderate interventions may actually increase the prevalence of HIV/AIDS, due to shifts in human behavior and equilibrium effects.
|Item Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)|
|Additional Information:||© 2010 The Authors|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||HIV/AIDS, infectious diseases, Malawi, homo economicus in disease transmission, equilibrium model of risky sex|
|Library of Congress subject classification:||H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
|Sets:||Departments > Economics|
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