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An equilibrium model of the African HIV/AIDS epidemic

Greenwood, Jeremy, Kircher, Philipp and Tertil, Michèle (2010) An equilibrium model of the African HIV/AIDS epidemic. In: 7th Vienna macroeconomics conference, 2010-10-08 - 2010-10-09, Rome, Italy, ITA.

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An equilibrium search model of the Malawian HIV/AIDS epidemic is presented. Individuals engage in different types of sexual activity, which vary in their riskiness. When choosing a sexual activity, such as short-term sex without a condom, a person rationally considers its risk. A simulated version of the model is parameterized to match some salient facts about the Malawian epidemic. Some topical policies (e.g., male circumcision, treatment of other STDs, and promoting marriage) are studied and found to have potential to backfire: Moderate interventions may actually increase the prevalence of HIV/AIDS, due to shifts in human behavior and equilibrium effects.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2010 The Authors
Divisions: Economics
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2011 15:00
Last Modified: 16 May 2024 11:05
Funders: The Institute for Advanced Studies, Vienna

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