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Intelligence and substance use

Kanazawa, Satoshi and Hellberg, Josephine E. E. U. (2010) Intelligence and substance use. Review of General Psychology, 14 (4). pp. 382-396. ISSN 1089-2680

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Abstract

Why do some individuals choose to drink alcohol, smoke cigarettes, and use illegal drugs while others do not? The origin of individual preferences and values is one of the remaining theoretical questions in social and behavioral sciences. The Savanna-IQ Interaction Hypothesis suggests that more intelligent individuals may be more likely to acquire and espouse evolutionarily novel values than less intelligent individuals. Consumption of alcohol, tobacco, and drugs is evolutionarily novel, so the Savanna-IQ Interaction Hypothesis would predict that more intelligent individuals are more likely to consume these substances. Analyses of two large, nationally representative, and prospectively longitudinal data from the United Kingdom and the United States partly support the prediction. More intelligent children, both in the United Kingdom and the United States, are more likely to grow up to consume more alcohol. More intelligent American children are more likely to grow up to consume more tobacco, while more intelligent British children are more likely to grow up to consume more illegal drugs.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/gpr/
Additional Information: © 2011 American Psychological Association
Library of Congress subject classification: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
Sets: Research centres and groups > Managerial Economics and Strategy Group
Departments > Management
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2011 14:24
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/33315/

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