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Policies for 'mixed communities': a critical evaluation

Cheshire, Paul, Gibbons, Stephen and Gordon, Ian (2008) Policies for 'mixed communities': a critical evaluation. SERC Policy paper, SERCPP002. Spatial Economics Research Centre, London, UK.

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Abstract

This paper challenges the belief that mixed community policies can effectively tackle poverty or reduce income inequality, on the basis that residential segregation is essentially a consequence not a cause of income inequality. The ideal of mixed communities as a mechanism for achieving social equality is firmly established in policy. However, to show that mixed neighbourhoods can reduce poverty or improve individuals’ life chances, requires evidence that living in a deprived neighbourhood makes residents (and their children) materially worse off than they would otherwise have been over the long run, by restricting residents’ capacity to develop their talents, networks and employability, and thus increasing the risks of them becoming, or staying, poor. In fact, though, the research evidence suggests that an individual’s characteristics, economic outcomes and life chances are very insensitive to the neighbourhood in which they live. Neighbourhood characteristics are symptoms not causes of individual poverty. Planning for a more even residential mix of rich, poor and the middle mass could reduce measured spatial income disparities to some degree, but this would be merely a concealment of the underlying problem. It is also likely to cost substantial resources to maintain. Relieving poverty effectively means tackling the factors which make people poor – at an individual and family level - not moving poor people to more affluent neighbourhoods, or leavening poor neighbourhoods with more affluent residents.

Item Type: Monograph (Technical Report)
Official URL: http://rlab.lse.ac.uk/_new/publications/abstract.a...
Additional Information: © 2008 The Authors
Library of Congress subject classification: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
Sets: Departments > Geography and Environment
Research centres and groups > Spatial Economics Research Centre
Research centres and groups > Centre for Economic Performance (CEP)
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Identification Number: SERCPP002
Funders: Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform (BERR), Department for Communities and Local Government (CLG), Welsh Government
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2010 10:51
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/30847/

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