Cookies?
Library Header Image
LSE Research Online LSE Library Services

Does wealth increase parental investment biases in child education?

Gibson, Mhairi A. and Sear, Rebecca (2010) Does wealth increase parental investment biases in child education? Current Anthropology, 51 (5). pp. 693-701. ISSN 0011-3204

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Why fertility declines is still a matter of intense debate. One theory proposes that fertility decline may be partly driven by shifts in parental investment strategies: couples reduce family size as demographic and economic changes cause investment in the quality of children to become more important than investment in the quantity of children. A key driver for this change is a shift from a subsistence-based to a skills-based economy, in which education enhances child quality. Evolutionary anthropologists have modified this theory to propose that parental investment will diverge during the demographic transition according to resource availability: couples with the greatest access to resources will invest more in quality than in quantity of children. Here we test the impact of resources on educational investment in two populations on the cusp of fertility decline: the patrilineal Arsi Oromo of Ethiopia and the matrilineal Chewa of Malawi. In both populations, increased wealth is associated with greater biases in the allocation of education between children. In richer families, early-born children are prioritized over later-born ones, although early-born sons are favored in the patrilineal population and early-born daughters in the matrilineal population. Poorer families invest less in their children’s education but also discriminate less between children.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/toc/ca/current
Additional Information: © 2010 The Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research
Library of Congress subject classification: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
Sets: Departments > Social Policy
Collections > Economists Online
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Identification Number: UT ISI:000282281300005
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2010 13:43
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/29726/

Actions (login required)

Record administration - authorised staff only Record administration - authorised staff only