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Permutation capacities of families of oriented infinite paths

Brightwell, Graham, Cohen, Gerard, Toth, Agnes, Fairthorne, Marianne, Fachini, Emanuela, Koerner, Janos and Simonyi, Gabor (2010) Permutation capacities of families of oriented infinite paths. SIAM Journal on Discrete Mathematics, 24 (2). pp. 441-456. ISSN 0895-4801

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Abstract

Korner and Malvenuto asked whether one can find ((n)(left perpendicularn/2right perpendicular)) linear orderings (i.e., permutations) of the first n natural numbers such that any pair of them places two consecutive integers somewhere in the same position. This led to the notion of graph-different permutations. We extend this concept to directed graphs, focusing on orientations of the semi-infinite path whose edges connect consecutive natural numbers. Our main result shows that the maximum number of permutations satisfying all the pair wise conditions associated with all of the various orientations of this path is exponentially smaller, for any single orientation, than the maximum number of those permutations which satisfy the corresponding pairwise relationship. This is in sharp contrast to a result of Gargano, Korner, and Vaccaro concerning the analogous notion of Sperner capacity of families of finite graphs. We improve the exponential lower bound for the original problem and list a number of open questions.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://epubs.siam.org/
Additional Information: © 2010 Thomson Reuters
Library of Congress subject classification: Q Science > QA Mathematics
Sets: Departments > Mathematics
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Identification Number: UT ISI:000279114200008
Funders: Hungarian Foundation for Scientific Research (OTKA)
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2010 10:35
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/28815/

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