Albornoz, Facundo, Calvo-Pardo, Héctor, Corcos, Gregory and Ornelas, Emanuel (2010) Sequential exporting. CEP Discussion Paper, No. 974. Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.
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Firms need to incur substantial sunk costs to break in foreign markets, yet many give up exporting shortly after their first experience, which typically involves very small sales. Conversely, other new exporters shoot up their foreign sales and expand to new destinations. We investigate a simple theoretical mechanism that can rationalize these patterns. A firm discovers its profitability as an exporter only after actually engaging in exporting. The profitability is positively correlated over time and across foreign destinations. Accordingly, once the firm learns how good it is as an exporter, it adjusts quantities and decides whether to exit and whether to serve new destinations. Thus, it is the possibility of profitable expansion at both the intensive and extensive margins what makes incurring the sunk costs to enter a single foreign market worthwhile despite the high failure rates. Using a census of Argentinean firm-level manufacturing exports from 2002 to 2007, we find empirical support for several implications of our proposed mechanism, indicating that the practice of “sequential exporting” is pervasive. Sequential exporting has broad but subtle implications for trade policy. For example, a reduction in trade barriers in a country has delayed entry effects in its own market, while also promoting entry in other markets. This trade externality poses challenges for the quantification of the effects of trade liberalization programs, while suggesting neglected but critical implications of international trade agreements.
|Item Type:||Monograph (Discussion Paper)|
|Additional Information:||© 2010 The authors|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Export dynamics, trade liberalization, experimentation, uncertainty|
|Library of Congress subject classification:||H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
|Journal of Economic Literature Classification System:||F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F10 - General
F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F13 - Commercial Policy; Protection; Promotion; Trade Negotiations; International Trade Organizations
D - Microeconomics > D2 - Production and Organizations > D21 - Firm Behavior
|Sets:||Collections > Economists Online
Research centres and groups > Centre for Economic Performance (CEP)
|Identification Number:||No. 974|
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