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Evolution of living standards and human capital in China in the 18-20th centuries: Evidences from real wages, age-heaping, and anthropometrics

Baten, Joerg and Ma, Debin and Morgan, Stephen and Wang, Qing (2010) Evolution of living standards and human capital in China in the 18-20th centuries: Evidences from real wages, age-heaping, and anthropometrics. Explorations in Economic History, 47 (3). pp. 347-359. ISSN 0014-4983

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Identification Number: 10.1016/j.eeh.2009.09.003

Abstract

This article mobilizes and integrates both existing and new time series data on real wages, physical heights and age-heaping to examine the long-term trend of living standards and human capital for China during the eighteenth to twentieth centuries. Our findings confirm the existence of a substantial gap in living standards between China and North-western Europe in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. They also reveal a sustained decline in living standards and human capital at least in South China from the mid-nineteenth century followed by a recovery in the early twentieth century. However, comparative examination of age-heaping data shows that the level of Chinese human capital was relatively high by world standard during this period. We make a preliminary exploration of the historical implication of our findings.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescriptio...
Additional Information: © 2010 Elsevier Inc.
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DS Asia
Sets: Departments > Economic History
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2010 13:10
Last Modified: 04 May 2017 09:35
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/28525

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