Cookies?
Library Header Image
LSE Research Online LSE Library Services

Survival of the fittest in cities: agglomeration, selection, and polarisation

Behrens, Kristian and Robert-Nicoud, Frédéric (2008) Survival of the fittest in cities: agglomeration, selection, and polarisation. CEP Discussion Paper, No. 894. Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK. ISBN 9780853283270

[img]
Preview
PDF
Download (563kB) | Preview
Identification Number: No. 894

Abstract

Empirical studies consistently report that labour productivity and TFP rise with city size. The reason is that cities attract the most productive agents, select the best of them, and make the selected ones even more productive via various agglomeration economies. This paper provides a microeconomically founded model of vertical city differentiation in which the latter two mechanisms (`agglomeration' and `selection') operate simultaneously. Our model is both rich and tractable enough to allow for a detailed investigation of when cities emerge, what determines their size, and how they interact through the channels of trade. We then uncover stylised facts and suggestive econometric evidence that are consistent with the most distinctive equilibrium features of our model. We show, in particular, that larger cities are both more productive and more unequal (`polarised'), that inter-city trade is associated with higher income inequalities, and that the proximity of large urban centres inhibits the development of nearby cities.

Item Type: Monograph (Discussion Paper)
Official URL: http://cep.lse.ac.uk/
Additional Information: © 2008 The authors
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce
H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Sets: Collections > Economists Online
Research centres and groups > Centre for Economic Performance (CEP)
Series: Working Papers > CEP Discussion Papers
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2010 15:18
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2012 10:19
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/28506

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics