Hassan, M. Sajjad (2006) Explaining Manipur’s breakdown and Mizoram’s peace: the state and identities in north east India. Crisis States Research Centre working papers series 1, 79. Crisis States Research Centre, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.
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Material from North East India provides clues to explain both state breakdown as well as its avoidance. They point to the particular historical trajectory of interaction of state-making leaders and other social forces, and the divergent authority structure that took shape, as underpinning this difference. In Manipur, where social forces retained their authority, the state’s autonomy was compromised. This affected its capacity, including that to resolve group conflicts. Here powerful social forces politicized their narrow identities to capture state power, leading to competitive mobilisation and conflicts. State’s poor capacity has facilitated frequent breakdown in Manipur. In Mizoram, where state-making leaders managed to incorporate other social forces within their authority structure, state autonomy was enhanced. This has helped enhance state capacity and its ability to resolve conflicts. Crucial to this dynamic in Mizoram was the role of state-making leaders inventing and mobilising an overarching and inclusive identity to counter entrenched social forces. This has helped with social cohesion.
|Item Type:||Monograph (Working Paper)|
|Additional Information:||© 2006 M. Sajjad Hassan|
|Library of Congress subject classification:||J Political Science > JC Political theory
J Political Science > JQ Political institutions Asia
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
|Sets:||Departments > International Development
Research centres and groups > Crisis States Research Centre
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