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Explaining Manipur’s breakdown and Mizoram’s peace: the state and identities in north east India

Hassan, M. Sajjad (2006) Explaining Manipur’s breakdown and Mizoram’s peace: the state and identities in north east India. Crisis States Research Centre working papers series 1 (79). Crisis States Research Centre, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.

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Material from North East India provides clues to explain both state breakdown as well as its avoidance. They point to the particular historical trajectory of interaction of state-making leaders and other social forces, and the divergent authority structure that took shape, as underpinning this difference. In Manipur, where social forces retained their authority, the state’s autonomy was compromised. This affected its capacity, including that to resolve group conflicts. Here powerful social forces politicized their narrow identities to capture state power, leading to competitive mobilisation and conflicts. State’s poor capacity has facilitated frequent breakdown in Manipur. In Mizoram, where state-making leaders managed to incorporate other social forces within their authority structure, state autonomy was enhanced. This has helped enhance state capacity and its ability to resolve conflicts. Crucial to this dynamic in Mizoram was the role of state-making leaders inventing and mobilising an overarching and inclusive identity to counter entrenched social forces. This has helped with social cohesion.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2006 M. Sajjad Hassan
Divisions: International Development
Subjects: J Political Science > JC Political theory
J Political Science > JQ Political institutions Asia
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
Date Deposited: 09 Jun 2010 15:42
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2023 23:05

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