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Outcome or expectancy?: antecedent of spontaneous causal attribution

Kanazawa, Satoshi ORCID: 0000-0003-3786-8797 (1992) Outcome or expectancy?: antecedent of spontaneous causal attribution. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 18 (6). pp. 659-668. ISSN 0146-1672

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Identification Number: 10.1177/0146167292186001


Past attributional studies have produced a consensus that negative and unexpected outcomes promote spontaneous causal search. Howwever, there is no theoretical reason to believe that outcome has an effect on spontaneous causal attribution independent of expectancy. Past studies thatfound the outcome effect all sufferfrom the methodological problems of (a) lack of spontaneity in elicited attributions and/or (b) improper manipulation. Experiment I (N = 44) introduced rigorous control of the two independent variables and showed that only expectancy has an independent effect on spontaneous causal thinking. Experiment 2 (N = 100) showed that, although expectancy is the only antecedent to spontaneous causal attribution, outcome does affect nonspontaneous causal search, giving a strong indication that the lack of spontaneity accounts for the outcome effect found in the past studies.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 1992 SAGE Publications
Divisions: Management
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Sets: Research centres and groups > Managerial Economics and Strategy Group
Departments > Management
Collections > Economists Online
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2010 11:07
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2021 23:09

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