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Mode of production or mode of cultivation: explaining the failure of European cocoa planters in competition with African farmers in colonial Ghana

Austin, Gareth and Clarence-Smith, William G (1996) Mode of production or mode of cultivation: explaining the failure of European cocoa planters in competition with African farmers in colonial Ghana. In: Clarence-Smith, William G, (ed.) Cocoa Pioneer Fronts Since 1800: the Role of Smallholders, Planters and Merchants. Macmillan Press, Basingstoke, UK, pp. 154-175. ISBN 9780312158477

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Abstract

The livelihood of Third World farmers conflicts with saving the remaining tropical forests. The advantages of growing cocoa in cleared primary forest drive from the fertility of virgin soils and low concentrations of weeds, pests and diseases. The consequent emergence of new 'pioneer fronts' has also been affected by cheap labour, relative commodity prices, pests and diseases, credit resources, entrepreneurship, information, physical infrastructures, and government policies. The dynamism of smallholdings and competitive private marketing over estates and marketing boards is demonstrated.

Item Type: Book Section
Official URL: http://international.macmillan.com/
Additional Information: © 1996 Macmillan
Library of Congress subject classification: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
Sets: Departments > Economic History
Collections > Economists Online
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Date Deposited: 02 Dec 2009 10:41
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/26068/

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