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'A thing ridiculous'? Chemical medicines and the prolongation of human life in seventeenth-century England

Haycock, David Boyd (2006) 'A thing ridiculous'? Chemical medicines and the prolongation of human life in seventeenth-century England. Working papers on the nature of evidence: how well do 'facts' travel?, 10/06. Department of Economic History, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.

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Abstract

Sir Francis Bacon explored as a medical question the issue of how human life spans might be returned to the near-thousand years enjoyed by Adam and the Patriarchs. Extended old age seemed feasible: reports told of people living well into their centenary. Meanwhile, New World natives were said to live for several hundred years. The boundaries of old age in the seventeenth century were inconclusive, and the hope that life could be prolonged for decades beyond the allotted eighty years was a serious question. In 1633, one doctor observed that to “attaine to 100 is no wonder, having my selfe knowne some of both sexes”, but responding to the claims of Paracelsians asked, “is it not a thing ridiculous, now in these later times, to extend the life of man-kinde to 1000, 900, or at the least to 600 yeeres?” Comparing the reception of information extrapolated from Biblical sources, stories from distant lands, and the growing divide between philosophical and medico-scientific approaches, this paper looks at how “facts” about human longevity were received and employed by scholars and doctors during the course of the seventeenth century, and the emergence of a more “respectable” empirical chemistry from under the shade of alchemy.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Official URL: http://www.lse.ac.uk/collections/economicHistory/p...
Additional Information: © 2006 The Author
Library of Congress subject classification: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
D History General and Old World > D History (General) > D204 Modern History
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
D History General and Old World > DA Great Britain
Sets: Departments > Economic History
Collections > Economists Online
Collections > How Well Do 'Facts' Travel?
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Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Identification Number: 10/06
Funders: http://www.leverhulme.ac.uk/, Economic and Social Research Council
Projects: Large-Scale Technological Change
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2009 11:59
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/22538/

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