Puga, Diego (1996) Urbanisation patterns: European vs less developed countries. CEPDP, 305. Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.
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We develop a model in which the interaction between transport costs, increasing returns, and labour migration across sectors and regions creates a tendency for urban agglomeration. Demand from rural areas favours urban dispersion. European urbanisation took place mainly in the XIX Century, with higher costs of spatial interaction, weaker economics of scale, and less elastic supply of labour to the urban sector than in LDCs today. These factors, together with a bias in the transport networks of LDCs towards serving larger cities, could help explain why European countries have developed balanced urban systems while primate cities dominate in LDCs.
|Item Type:||Monograph (Discussion Paper)|
|Additional Information:||© 1996 Diego Puga|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||urbanisation, migration, regional integration, agglomeration.|
|Library of Congress subject classification:||H Social Sciences > HF Commerce|
|Journal of Economic Literature Classification System:||F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F15 - Economic Integration
R - Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics > R1 - General Regional Economics > R12 - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade
F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F12 - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies
|Sets:||Collections > Economists Online
Research centres and groups > Centre for Economic Performance (CEP)
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