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Europeanisation and the uneven convergence of environmental policy: explaining the geography of EMAS

Perkins, Richard and Neumayer, Eric ORCID: 0000-0003-2719-7563 (2004) Europeanisation and the uneven convergence of environmental policy: explaining the geography of EMAS. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 22 (6). pp. 881-897. ISSN 0263-774X

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Identification Number: 10.1068/c0404j


In this paper we seek to advance current understanding of uneven convergence in the context of EU environmental policy, and specifically, the Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS). Using a large-sample, quantitative methodology, we examine three broad sets of determinants hypothesised to influence geographic patterns of policy convergence: (1) cross-national market integration; (2) compatibility between the domestic regulatory context and European policy requirements; and (3) bottom-up pressure from market and societal actors. Our analysis provides empirical support for all three hypothesised determinants. Measures of import - export ties, regulatory burden, past policy adoptions, environmental demand from civil society, and levels of economic productivity are all found to be statistically significant predictors of national EMAS counts. Against a backdrop of geographically diverse regulatory institutions, societal conditions, and trading relationships, we conclude that unevenness is an inevitable feature of Europeanisation.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2004 Pion Ltd
Divisions: Geography & Environment
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
J Political Science > JZ International relations
J Political Science > JN Political institutions (Europe)
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2008 13:15
Last Modified: 16 May 2024 00:15

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