Baldwin, Richard E. and Robert-Nicoud, Frédéric
Offshoring: general equilibrium effects on wages, production and trade.
Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.
A simple model of offshoring is used to integrate the complex gallery of results that exist in the theoretical offshoring/fragmentation literature. The paper depicts offshoring as ‘shadow migration’ and shows that this allows straightforward derivation of the general equilibrium effects on prices, wages, production and trade (necessary and sufficient conditions are provided). We show that offshoring requires modification of the four HO theorems, so econometricians who ignore offshoring might reject the HO theorem when a properly specified version held in the data. We also show that offshoring is an independent source of comparative advantage and can lead to intra-industry trade in a Walrasian setting.
||© 2007 the authors
||Offshoring, Shadow migration, Inter-industry trade, Intra-industry trade, Trade theorems
|Library of Congress subject classification:
||H Social Sciences > HF Commerce
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
|Journal of Economic Literature Classification System:
||F - International Economics > F0 - General > F02 - International Economic Order
L - Industrial Organization > L2 - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior > L22 - Firm Organization and Market Structure: Markets vs. Hierarchies; Vertical Integration; Conglomerates; Subsidiaries
R - Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics > R1 - General Regional Economics > R11 - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, and Changes
F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F12 - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies
||Collections > Economists Online
Research centres and groups > Centre for Economic Performance (CEP)
Departments > Geography and Environment
||21 Jul 2008 10:32
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