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What explains the uneven take-up of ISO 14001 at the global level?: a panel-data analysis

Neumayer, Eric ORCID: 0000-0003-2719-7563 and Perkins, Richard (2004) What explains the uneven take-up of ISO 14001 at the global level?: a panel-data analysis. Environment and Planning A, 36 (5). pp. 823-839. ISSN 0308-518X

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Identification Number: 10.1068/a36144


Since its release in the mid-1990s, close to 37 000 facilities have been certified to ISO 14001, the international voluntary standard for environmental management systems. Yet, despite claims that the standard can be readily adapted to very different corporate and geographic settings, its take-up has been highly geographically variable. This paper contributes to a growing body of work concerned with explaining the uneven diffusion of ISO 14001 at the global level. Drawing from the existing theoretical and empirical literature we develop a series of hypotheses about how various economic, market, and regulatory factors influence the national count of ISO 14001 certifications. These hypotheses are then tested using econometric estimation techniques with data for a panel of 142 developed and developing countries. We find that per capita ISO 14001 counts are positively correlated with income per capita, stock of foreign direct investment, exports of goods and services to Europe and Japan, and pressure from civil society. Conversely, productivity and levels of state intervention are negatively correlated. The paper finishes by offering a number of recommendations to policymakers concerned with accelerating the diffusion of voluntary environmental standards.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2004 Pion
Divisions: Geography & Environment
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2008 15:41
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2024 00:39

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