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Technology and changes in skill structure: evidence from seven OECD countries

Machin, Stephen and Van Reenen, John (1998) Technology and changes in skill structure: evidence from seven OECD countries. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 113 (4). pp. 1215-1244. ISSN 0033-5533

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Identification Number: 10.1162/003355398555883

Abstract

This paper compares the changing skill structure of wage bills and employment in the United States with six other OECD countries (Denmark, France, Germany, Japan, Sweden, and the United Kingdom). We investigate whether a directly observed measure of technical change (R&D intensity) is closely linked to the growth in the importance of more highly skilled workers which has occurred in all countries. Evidence of a significant association between skill upgrading and R&D intensity is uncovered in all seven countries. These results provide evidence that skill-biased technical change is an international phenomenon that has had a clear effect of increasing the relative demand for skilled workers.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://qje.oxfordjournals.org/
Additional Information: © 1998 The President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Sets: Departments > Economics
Collections > Economists Online
Research centres and groups > Centre for Economic Performance (CEP)
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2007
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2012 15:01
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/1502

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