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School proximity and child labour: evidence from rural Tanzania

Kondylis, Florence and Manacorda, Marco (2006) School proximity and child labour: evidence from rural Tanzania. CEP working paper, 1537. Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.

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Identification Number: 1537


This paper uses micro data from the 2000/01 Tanzanian Household Budget Survey to study the effect of distance to school on school enrollment and work decisions of rural children. A simple theoretical model illustrates that school proximity creates an incentive for children to combine work with school. While this unequivocally raises school attendance, it does not necessarily lead to a fall in child labor. Indeed, the reverse might be true. Consistent with the predictions of the model, the empirical analysis shows that a rise in distance to school is associated to a fall in the proportion of children combining work with school and an approximately equal rise in the proportion of full-time workers. Overall school attendance falls, with no effect on children's employment rate.

Item Type: Monograph (Discussion Paper)
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2006 F. Kondylis and M. Manacorda
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
JEL classification: O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O12 - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Time Allocation, Work Behavior, and Employment Determination and Creation; Human Capital; Retirement > J22 - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O5 - Economywide Country Studies > O55 - Africa
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J8 - Labor Standards: National and International > J82 - Labor Force Composition
Sets: Research centres and groups > Centre for Economic Performance (CEP)
Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2008 12:07
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2013 09:33

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