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Does global warming worsen poverty and inequality? An updated review

Dang, Hai Anh H., Hallegatte, Stephane and Trinh, Trong Anh (2024) Does global warming worsen poverty and inequality? An updated review. Journal of Economic Surveys. ISSN 0950-0804

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Identification Number: 10.1111/joes.12636


We offer an updated and comprehensive review of recent studies on the impacts of climate change, particularly global warming, on poverty and inequality, paying special attention to data sources as well as empirical methods. While studies consistently find negative impacts of higher temperatures on poverty across different geographical regions, with higher vulnerability especially in poorer Sub-Saharan Africa, there is inconclusive evidence on climate change impacts on inequality. Further analyzing a recently constructed global database at the subnational unit level derived from official national household income and consumption surveys, we find that temperature change has larger impacts in the short term and more impacts on chronic poverty than transient poverty. The results are robust to different model specifications and measures of chronic poverty and are more pronounced for poorer countries. Our findings offer relevant inputs into current efforts to fight climate change.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2024 The Author(s).
Divisions: International Inequalities Institute
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
JEL classification: Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q54 - Climate; Natural Disasters
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare and Poverty > I32 - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O10 - General
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2024 14:06
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2024 00:42

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