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Improved approximation algorithms by generalizing the primal-dual method beyond uncrossable functions

Bansal, Ishan, Cheriyan, Joseph, Grout, Logan and Ibrahimpur, Sharat (2024) Improved approximation algorithms by generalizing the primal-dual method beyond uncrossable functions. Algorithmica. ISSN 0178-4617

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Identification Number: 10.1007/s00453-024-01235-2

Abstract

We address long-standing open questions raised by Williamson, Goemans, Vazirani and Mihail pertaining to the design of approximation algorithms for problems in network design via the primal-dual method (Williamson et al. in Combinatorica 15(3):435–454, 1995. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01299747). Williamson et al. prove an approximation ratio of two for connectivity augmentation problems where the connectivity requirements can be specified by uncrossable functions. They state: “Extending our algorithm to handle non-uncrossable functions remains a challenging open problem. The key feature of uncrossable functions is that there exists an optimal dual solution which is laminar.. A larger open issue is to explore further the power of the primal-dual approach for obtaining approximation algorithms for other combinatorial optimization problems.” Our main result proves that the primal-dual algorithm of Williamson et al. achieves an approximation ratio of 16 for a class of functions that generalizes the notion of an uncrossable function. There exist instances that can be handled by our methods where none of the optimal dual solutions has a laminar support. We present three applications of our main result to problems in the area of network design. (1) A 16-approximation algorithm for augmenting a family of small cuts of a graph G. The previous best approximation ratio was O(log|V(G)|). (2) A 16·⌈k/umin⌉-approximation algorithm for the Cap-k-ECSS problem which is as follows: Given an undirected graph G=(V,E) with edge costs c∈Q≥0E and edge capacities u∈Z≥0E, find a minimum-cost subset of the edges F⊆E such that the capacity of any cut in (V, F) is at least k; umin (respectively, umax) denotes the minimum (respectively, maximum) capacity of an edge in E, and w.l.o.g. umax≤k. The previous best approximation ratio was min(O(log|V|),k,2umax). (3) A 20-approximation algorithm for the model of (p, 2)-Flexible Graph Connectivity. The previous best approximation ratio was O(log|V(G)|), where G denotes the input graph.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://link.springer.com/journal/453
Additional Information: © 2024 The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Divisions: Mathematics
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2024 13:45
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2024 01:00
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/123858

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