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Global unanimity agreement on the carbon budget

Llavador, Humberto, Roemer, John and Stoerk, Thomas (2022) Global unanimity agreement on the carbon budget. Cuadernos Economicos de ICE, 2022 (104). 9 - 29. ISSN 0210-2633

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Identification Number: 10.32796/cice.2022.104.7491

Abstract

This paper analyzes a stylized model of the global economy in which countries must agree on the carbon budget while the decision on the level of carbon emissions is decentralized, with firms treating their emissions as a production input for which a uniform price is charged. The revenue accumulates in a global fund and is returned to global citizens according to national shares that are announced ex ante. The vector of country shares for the distribution of the carbon revenue assures that countries agree by unanimity on the carbon budget. The equilibrium exhibits the following desired features: (1) the global emissions level is set by unanimous agreement; (2) the demand to emit carbon is decentralized and, hence, there is no need to determine the distribution of permits; and (3) the equilibrium is Pareto efficient. We explore the implication of the model in an application based on RICE-2010.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://revistasice.com/index.php/CICE
Additional Information: © 2022, Gobierno de Espana Secretaria de Estado de Comercio. All rights reserved.
Divisions: Grantham Research Institute
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
JEL classification: Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q54 - Climate; Natural Disasters
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q56 - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounting; Environmental Equity
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q58 - Government Policy
F - International Economics > F5 - International Relations and International Political Economy > F53 - International Agreements and Observance; International Organizations
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2024 15:39
Last Modified: 01 Jul 2024 21:54
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/123736

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