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Interventions to prevent hospital admissions in long-term care facilities: a rapid review of economic evidence

Johnson, Eugenie E., Searle, Ben, Green, Kimberly, Walbaum, Magdalena, Barker, Robert, Brotherhood, Kelly, Spiers, Gemma Frances, Craig, Dawn and Hanratty, Barbara (2024) Interventions to prevent hospital admissions in long-term care facilities: a rapid review of economic evidence. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 25 (8). ISSN 1525-8610

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Identification Number: 10.1016/j.jamda.2024.105034


Objectives Hospital admissions can be hazardous for older adults, particularly those living in long-term care facilities. Preventing nonessential admissions can be beneficial for this population, as well as reducing demand on health services. This review summarizes the economic evidence surrounding effective interventions to reduce hospital attendances and admissions for people living in long-term care facilities. Design Rapid review of economic evidence. Setting and Participants People living in long-term facilities. Methods We searched MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane CENTRAL, PubMed, and Web of Science on September 20, 2022, and again on January 10, 2023. Full economic evaluations and cost analyses reporting on advanced care planning, goals of care setting, nurse practitioner input, palliative care, influenza vaccinations, and enhancing access to intravenous therapies were eligible. Data were extracted using a prepiloted data extraction form and critically appraised using either the Drummond-Jefferson checklist or an amended NIH Critical Appraisal Tool appended with questions from a critical appraisal checklist for cost analyses. Data were synthesized narratively. Results We included 7 studies: 3 full economic evaluations and 4 cost analyses. Because of lack of clarity on the underlying study design, we did not include one of the cost analyses in our synthesis. Advanced care planning, a palliative care program, and a high-dose influenza vaccination reported potential cost savings. Economic evidence for a multicomponent intervention and a nurse practitioner model was inconclusive. The overall quality of the evidence varied between studies. Conclusions and Implications A number of potentially cost-effective approaches to reduce demand on hospital services from long-term care facilities were identified. However, further economic evaluations are needed to overcome limitations of the current evidence base and offer more confident conclusions

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2024 The Author(s)
Divisions: Personal Social Services Research Unit
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
H Social Sciences
Date Deposited: 23 May 2024 14:06
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2024 01:00

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