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The high and falling price of cement in Africa

Leone, Fabrizio, Macchiavello, Rocco ORCID: 0009-0007-5465-3153 and Reed, Tristan (2024) The high and falling price of cement in Africa. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics. ISSN 1945-7782 (In Press)

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Prices for several intermediate inputs, including cement, are higher in developIng economies—particularly in Africa. Combining recent data from the International Comparison Program with a global directory of cement firms we estimate an industry equilibrium model to distinguish between drivers of international price dispersion: demand, costs, conduct, and entry. Developing economies feature both higher marginal costs and higher markups. African markets are not characterized by less competitive conduct and, if anything, feature lower barriers to entry. The small size of many national markets, however, limits entry and competition and explains most of the higher markups and prices. Policy implications are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2024 American Economic Association
Divisions: Management
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
JEL classification: L - Industrial Organization > L1 - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance > L13 - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets
L - Industrial Organization > L6 - Industry Studies: Manufacturing > L61 - Metals and Metal Products; Cement; Glass; Ceramics
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O12 - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
Date Deposited: 10 May 2024 10:03
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2024 07:51

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