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The role of childhood cumulative trauma in the risk of lifetime PTSD: an epidemiological study

da Silva, Herika Cristina, Vilete, Liliane, Coutinho, Evandro Silva Freire, Luz, Mariana Pires, Mendlowicz, Mauro, Portela, Carla Marques, Figueira, Ivan, Ventura, Paula, Mari, Jair de Jesus, Quintana, Maria Inês, Ribeiro, Wagner Silva ORCID: 0000-0001-6735-3861, Andreoli, Sérgio Baxter and Berger, William (2024) The role of childhood cumulative trauma in the risk of lifetime PTSD: an epidemiological study. Psychiatry Research, 336. ISSN 0165-1781

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Identification Number: 10.1016/j.psychres.2024.115887

Abstract

Cumulative trauma is usually devastating and can lead to severe psychological consequences, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Exposure to various types of traumas, particularly during childhood, can be even more deleterious than the sheer number of events experienced. This epidemiological study is the first to investigate the impact of discrete childhood traumatic exposure on the risk of developing lifetime PTSD in a representative sample of the general population of the two biggest Brazilian cities. Participants were aged between 15 and 75 years old, living in São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, who had experienced traumatic events (N = 3,231). The PTSD diagnosis was assessed using the DSM-IV criteria through the version 2.1 of Composite International Diagnostic Interview. To operationalize childhood cumulative trauma, we considered the sum of 15 different childhood trauma categories that occurred before PTSD onset. The final multivariate logistic regression model indicated a strong relationship between the number of discrete types of childhood traumas and the likelihood of the lifetime PTSD development. The lifetime PTSD risk increased 28 % with each different type of childhood trauma when adjusted by confounds. Our study strengthens the evidence associating childhood cumulative trauma to increased lifetime PTSD risk.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/psychiatry-r...
Additional Information: © 2024 Elsevier
Divisions: Personal Social Services Research Unit
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services
Date Deposited: 02 May 2024 12:00
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2024 19:39
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/122873

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