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Final 192-week efficacy and safety results of the ADVANCE trial, comparing 3 first-line antiretroviral regimens

Sokhela, Simiso, Venter, Willem D.F., Bosch, Bronwyn, Woods, Joana, McCann, Kaitlyn, Akpomiemie, Godspower, Chandiwana, Nomathemba, Mashabane, Nkuli, Tembo, Angela, Simmons, Bryony ORCID: 0000-0002-3207-9935, Lalla-Edward, Samanta, Siedner, Mark J., Sinxadi, Phumla, Hermans, Lucas, Fairlie, Lee, Vos, Alinda, Abrams, Elaine, Manne-Goehler, Jennifer M., Moorhouse, Michelle, Clayden, Polly, Norris, Shane, Qavi, Ambar, Chersich, Matthew, Masenya, Masebole, Arulappan, Natasha and Hill, Andrew (2024) Final 192-week efficacy and safety results of the ADVANCE trial, comparing 3 first-line antiretroviral regimens. Open Forum Infectious Diseases, 11 (3). ISSN 2328-8957

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Identification Number: 10.1093/ofid/ofae007


BACKGROUND: ADVANCE compared 3 World Health Organization-recommended first-line regimens in participants with HIV who were antiretroviral naive. METHODS: This randomized, open-label, noninferiority trial enrolled participants living with HIV with no antiretroviral exposure in the previous 6 months to 1 of the following arms: tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) / emtricitabine (FTC) + dolutegravir (DTG) (2 tablets), tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) / FTC + DTG (2 tablets), or a fixed-dose combination of TDF / FTC / efavirenz (EFV) (1 tablet). We report the final safety and efficacy data up to 192 weeks. RESULTS: Repeat consent from the original 351 participants randomized to each arm was obtained from 230 participants (66%) in the TAF/FTC + DTG arm, 209 (60%) in the TDF/FTC + DTG arm, and 183 (52%) in the TDF/FTC/EFV arm. At 192 weeks, 213 (61%) of the original 351 participants in the TAF/FTC + DTG arm, 195 (56%) in the TDF/FTC + DTG arm, and 172 (49%) in the TDF/FTC/EFV arm had confirmed RNA <50 copies/mL, with low virologic failure in all groups and no significant integrase inhibitor mutations in any arm. Mean weight gain was 8.9 kg (SD, 7.1) in the TAF/FTC + DTG arm, 5.9 kg (SD, 7.1) in the TDF/FTC + DTG arm, and 3.2 kg (SD, 8.1) in the TDF/FTC/EFV arm at 192 weeks from baseline and was greatest among women, those taking TAF, and those with lower baseline CD4 counts. The weight trajectory slowed after week 96. There were few clinical events and minor laboratory changes and differences among arms after 96 weeks. There were no significant differences in treatment-emergent hypertension or pregnancy outcomes by arm. CONCLUSIONS: High viral suppression was seen across arms, with no resistance to DTG. Weight gain continued but slowed after 96 weeks, with few clinical events or laboratory changes.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2024 The Author(s)
Divisions: LSE Health
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Date Deposited: 12 Apr 2024 13:33
Last Modified: 15 May 2024 19:18

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