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How can gender considerations be better integrated into animal health emergency preparedness and response?

Wenham, Clare ORCID: 0000-0001-5378-3203, Brand, Tianna L., Carlin, Ellen P., Donachie, Daniel, Fèvre, Sonia, Greve, Lydia C., Hardy, Emily, Okello, Anna L., Standley, Claire J., Stärk, Katharina D.C. and Welle, Chinonyerem Chisom Lawrence (2024) How can gender considerations be better integrated into animal health emergency preparedness and response? Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 262 (4). 572 - 575. ISSN 0003-1488

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Identification Number: 10.2460/javma.23.10.0589


Global and national authorities have not historically approached animal health emergencies through a gendered lens. Yet these events almost certainly have gendered dimensions, such as differential engagement of women or men depending on their culturally accepted or assigned roles for animal care; risk of exposure to zoonoses; and access to emergency resources during response and recovery. Despite the role that gender seems to play with respect to animal health emergencies, little research has been conducted to better understand such dynamics, and little policy has been promulgated to address it in a way that optimizes response while ensuring equitable outcomes. This piece summarizes 3 key themes that emerged from a panel discussion on gender and animal health emergencies at the World Organisation for Animal Health Global Conference on Emergency Management in April 2023. These themes were differential gendered exposure to pathogens; a lack of equitable gender representation in animal health decision-making; and enhancement of pathways for recognizing gender in national and international actions in preparing for, detecting, and responding to animal health emergencies. Beyond increasing opportunities for women to engage in leadership, the animal health and veterinary communities will benefit from connecting practitioners with gender experts to develop more integrative approaches to emergency preparedness and management. Animal health professionals should also advocate for further research to elucidate gender-specific dynamics in human populations in the context of animal emergencies and the promulgation of evidence-based policies. Such transformative efforts will lead to better outcomes for all people who depend on and provide care for animals.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2024 The Authors
Divisions: Health Policy
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Q Science > QL Zoology
Date Deposited: 28 Mar 2024 12:03
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2024 17:51

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