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Assessing the effect of international terrorism on civil liberties using a potential outcomes framework

Adam, Antonis and Tsavou, Evi (2024) Assessing the effect of international terrorism on civil liberties using a potential outcomes framework. Public Choice. ISSN 0048-5829

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Identification Number: 10.1007/s11127-024-01149-1

Abstract

In this paper, we evaluate the effect of international terrorism on the civil liberties of the targeted states from 1972 through 2018, using a cross-country dataset. To deal with the problem of selection and control for the pre-attack dynamics, we use a potential outcomes framework to uncover the effect of the treatment on the outcome variable over time. In democracies, civil liberties are restricted after an international terrorist attack. The identified impact of international terrorism on civil liberties suggests an extended “state of emergency” period, as explained by the significant negative initial response, 1–8 years after an international attack occurs. Contrarily, we provide evidence for increased respect for civil liberties 2–10 years after an international attack occurs in authoritarian settings. The estimated effect appears to be non-negligible and robust across various specifications.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://link.springer.com/journal/11127
Additional Information: © 2024 The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Divisions: LSE
Subjects: J Political Science > JZ International relations
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
JEL classification: D - Microeconomics > D7 - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making > D74 - Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances
H - Public Economics > H5 - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies > H56 - National Security and War
P - Economic Systems > P1 - Capitalist Systems > P14 - Property Rights
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C3 - Econometric Methods: Multiple; Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables; Endogenous Regressors > C31 - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2024 10:54
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2024 02:33
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/122337

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