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Exploring and evaluating the two-factor model of perfectionism in sport

Hill, Andrew P., Madigan, Daniel J., Curran, Thomas ORCID: 0000-0003-2443-5079, Jowett, Gareth E. and Rumbold, James L. (2024) Exploring and evaluating the two-factor model of perfectionism in sport. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment. ISSN 0734-2829

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Identification Number: 10.1177/07342829241231149


Perfectionism is a multidimensional personality trait with two higher-order dimensions; perfectionistic strivings and perfectionistic concerns. The purpose of the present study was to explore and evaluate the two-factor model for the first time using three instruments developed to measure perfectionism in sport. In doing so, we (i) assessed the fit of two-factor models when including and excluding various contentious subscales (other-oriented perfectionism, parental pressure, coach pressure, organisation, and negative reactions to imperfection) and (ii) compared two-factor models to alternative one-factor (or unidimensional) models. Participants were recruited from community and university sports clubs in the UK (N = 527; M age = 18.07 years, SD = 0.49) and completed the Sport-Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale-2, the Multidimensional Inventory of Perfectionism in Sport, and the Performance Perfectionism Scale-Sport. Support was found for the two-factor model, with superior fit displayed each time the aforementioned subscales were excluded and, in all cases, when compared to a unidimensional model. The findings suggest that the two-factor model is an adequate representation of the underlying structure of instruments designed to measure perfectionism in sport with better fit and conceptual clarity offered by more parsimonious models.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2024 The Author(s)
Divisions: Psychological and Behavioural Science
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2024 10:12
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2024 02:12

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