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Testing the cultural-invariance hypothesis: a global analysis of the relationship between scientific knowledge and attitudes to science

Sturgis, Patrick ORCID: 0000-0003-1180-3493, Brunton-Smith, Ian, Allum, Nick and Fuglsang, Simon (2024) Testing the cultural-invariance hypothesis: a global analysis of the relationship between scientific knowledge and attitudes to science. PLOS ONE, 19 (2). ISSN 1932-6203

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Identification Number: 10.1371/journal.pone.0296860

Abstract

A substantial body of research has demonstrated that science knowledge is correlated with attitudes towards science, with most studies finding a positive relationship between the two constructs; people who are more knowledgeable about science tend to be more positive about it. However, this evidence base has been almost exclusively confined to high and middle-income democracies, with poorer and less developed nations excluded from consideration. In this study, we conduct the first global investigation of the science knowledge-attitude relationship, using the 2018 Wellcome Global Monitor survey. Our results show a positive knowledge-attitude correlation in all but one of the 144 countries investigated. This robust cross-national relationship is consistent across both science literacy and self-assessed measures of science knowledge.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://journals.plos.org/plosone/
Additional Information: © 2024 The Author(s)
Divisions: Methodology
Subjects: H Social Sciences
Q Science
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2024 14:12
Last Modified: 22 May 2024 18:36
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/121387

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