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Data learning: integrating data assimilation and machine learning

Buizza, Caterina, Quilodrán Casas, César, Nadler, Philip, Mack, Julian, Marrone, Stefano, Titus, Zainab, Le Cornec, Clémence, Heylen, Evelyn, Dur, Tolga, Baca Ruiz, Luis, Heaney, Claire, Díaz Lopez, Julio Amador, Kumar, K. S.Sesh and Arcucci, Rossella (2022) Data learning: integrating data assimilation and machine learning. Journal of Computational Science, 58. ISSN 1877-7503

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Identification Number: 10.1016/j.jocs.2021.101525

Abstract

Data Assimilation (DA) is the approximation of the true state of some physical system by combining observations with a dynamic model. DA incorporates observational data into a prediction model to improve forecasted results. These models have increased in sophistication to better fit application requirements and circumvent implementation issues. Nevertheless, these approaches are incapable of fully overcoming their unrealistic assumptions. Machine Learning (ML) shows great capability in approximating nonlinear systems and extracting meaningful features from high-dimensional data. ML algorithms are capable of assisting or replacing traditional forecasting methods. However, the data used during training in any Machine Learning (ML) algorithm include numerical, approximation and round off errors, which are trained into the forecasting model. Integration of ML with DA increases the reliability of prediction by including information with a physical meaning. This work provides an introduction to Data Learning, a field that integrates Data Assimilation and Machine Learning to overcome limitations in applying these fields to real-world data. The fundamental equations of DA and ML are presented and developed to show how they can be combined into Data Learning. We present a number of Data Learning methods and results for some test cases, though the equations are general and can easily be applied elsewhere.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2021 Elsevier B.V.
Divisions: Methodology
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2023 15:45
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2024 20:00
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/121033

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