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Ovarian cancer symptoms in pre-clinical invasive epithelial ovarian cancer – An exploratory analysis nested within the UK Collaborative Trial of Ovarian Cancer Screening (UKCTOCS)

Dilley, James, Gentry-Maharaj, Aleksandra, Ryan, Andy, Burnell, Matthew, Manchanda, Ranjit, Kalsi, Jatinderpal, Singh, Naveena, Woolas, Robert, Sharma, Aarti, Williamson, Karin, Mould, Tim, Fallowfield, Lesley, Campbell, Stuart, Skates, Steven J., Mcguire, Alistair, Parmar, Mahesh, Jacobs, Ian and Menon, Usha (2023) Ovarian cancer symptoms in pre-clinical invasive epithelial ovarian cancer – An exploratory analysis nested within the UK Collaborative Trial of Ovarian Cancer Screening (UKCTOCS). Gynecologic Oncology, 179. 123 - 130. ISSN 0090-8258

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Identification Number: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2023.11.005

Abstract

Objective UKCTOCS provides an opportunity to explore symptoms in preclinical invasive epithelial ovarian cancer (iEOC). We report on symptoms in women with pre-clinical (screen-detected) cancers (PC) compared to clinically diagnosed (CD) cancers. Methods In UKCTOCS, 202638 postmenopausal women, aged 50–74 were randomly allocated (April 17, 2001-September 29, 2005) 2:1:1 to no screening or annual screening till Dec 31,2011, using a multimodal or ultrasound strategy. Follow-up was through national registries. An outcomes committee adjudicated on OC diagnosis, histotype, stage. Eligible women were those diagnosed with iEOC at primary censorship (Dec 31, 2014). Symptom details were extracted from trial clinical-assessment forms and medical records. Descriptive statistics were used to compare symptoms in PC versus CD women with early (I/II) and advanced (III/IV/unable to stage) stage high-grade-serous (HGSC) cancer. ISRCTN-22488978; ClinicalTrials.gov-NCT00058032. Results 1133 (286PC; 847CD) women developed iEOC. Median age (years) at diagnosis was earlier in PC compared to CD (66.8PC, 68.7CD, p = 0.0001) group. In the PC group, 48% (112/234; 90%, 660/730CD) reported symptoms when questioned. Half PC (50%, 13/26PC; 36%, 29/80CD; p = 0.213) women with symptomatic HGSC had >1symptom, with abdominal symptoms most common, both in early (62%, 16/26, PC; 53% 42/80, CD; p = 0.421) and advanced (57%, 49/86, PC; 74%, 431/580, CD; p = 0.001) stages. In symptomatic early-stage HGSC, compared to CD, PC women reported more gastrointestinal (change in bowel habits and dyspepsia) (35%, 9/26PC; 9%, 7/80CD; p = 0.001) and systemic (mostly lethargy/tiredness) (27%, 7/26PC; 9%, 7/80CD; p = 0.017) symptoms. Conclusions Our findings, add to the growing evidence, that we should reconsider what constitutes alert symptoms for early tubo-ovarian cancer. We need a more nuanced complex of key symptoms which is then evaluated and refined in a prospective trial.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://www.gynecologiconcology-online.net/
Additional Information: © 2023 The Authors
Divisions: Health Policy
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2023 16:42
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2024 18:54
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/120897

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