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Diversity without adversity? Ethnic bias towards refugees in a co-religious society

Getmansky, Anna ORCID: 0000-0002-0978-7095, Matakos, Konstantinos and Sinmazdemir, Tolga (2024) Diversity without adversity? Ethnic bias towards refugees in a co-religious society. International Studies Quarterly, 68 (2). ISSN 0020-8833

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Identification Number: 10.1093/isq/sqae031


What shapes the host population’s willingness to accept refugees into social, economic, and political life in their country? We argue that refugees’ ethnicity plays a key role–both directly and indirectly–in shaping support for having refugees as neighbors and for granting them a work permit or citizenship. Fielding a conjoint experiment in Turkey (N=2,362), we find that locals discriminate against Syrian Arab and Kurdish refugees compared to Turkomans. Although a university degree, social ties with locals, and knowledge of language boost pro-refugee attitudes, ethnic bias may attenuate their effect. For example, local language knowledge increases support for Arab refugee profiles, but only when it comes to granting them a work permit, but not having them as neighbors or granting citizenship. In contrast, it increases support for profiles of Turkomans and Kurds in all the three domains. Thus, strategies such as learning the local language may not advance all refugees in all domains.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2024 The Authors
Divisions: International Relations
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BL Religion
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2023 11:00
Last Modified: 15 May 2024 17:30

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