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Urban sustainability in Europe: avenues for change

Eales, Ric, White, Owen, Saudaskis, Rolands, Kolarič, Špela, Heeckt, Catarina, Rode, Philipp and Pereira Martins, Ivone (2021) Urban sustainability in Europe: avenues for change. EEA Report (06/2021). European Environment Agency, Copenhagen, DK. ISBN 9789294803764

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Identification Number: 10.2800/36105


This report is the EEA's flagship report on urban environmental sustainability. It sets out the EEA's conceptual framework for urban environmental sustainability and brings together recent analysis of urban nexuses and research to understand drivers of and barriers to urban environmental sustainability transitions.The European environment — state and outlook 2020 report emphasises that cities have a key role when it comes to wider sustainability transitions across Europe. Cities are hubs of creativity, innovation and learning and have the capacity to effect systemic changes across a range of critical environmental issues (EEA, 2019a). Cities concentrate people, jobs and economic activity. However, this also means that they are disproportionately affected by social challenges such as segregation, poverty and inequality. Vulnerabilities from climate change and other environmental stresses will also be felt most acutely in urban areas because of the higher densities of people and infrastructure and because of cities' dependence on their hinterlands for food, water, energy and other resources (EEA, 2019a). The EEA's in-depth analysis of drivers of change of relevance for Europe's environment and sustainability (EEA, 2020a) emphasised that cities have a primary role in pushing forward societal change by promoting the circulation of ideas and encouraging social and technological innovations, experiments and changes in values, lifestyles and approaches to governance. Cities are therefore both places where systemic challenges must be met and places of opportunity to address these challenges. Of course, cities differ enormously in the challenges they face and the tools they have available to address them. Sharing concrete examples of the many different expressions of urban sustainability can help to inspire city governments, irrespective of their context, to recognise that there is a transition pathway that is right for them.

Item Type: Monograph (Report)
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2021 European Environmental Agency
Divisions: LSE Cities
School of Public Policy
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Subjects: H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2023 11:24
Last Modified: 16 May 2024 13:36

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