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Inefficacy, pre-emption and structural injustice

Venkatesh, Nikhil ORCID: 0000-0002-6984-3001 (2023) Inefficacy, pre-emption and structural injustice. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society. ISSN 0066-7374

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Identification Number: 10.1093/arisoc/aoad014


Many pressing problems are of the following kind: some collection of actions of multiple people will produce some morally significant outcome (good or bad), but each individual action in the collection seems to make no difference to the outcome. These problems pose theoretical problems (especially for act-consequentialism), and practical problems for agents trying to figure out what they ought to do. Much recent literature on such problems has focused on whether it is possible for each action in such a collection to make such a tiny impact on the world that it makes no expected difference to the outcomes with which we’re concerned. I argue that even if this is impossible, there are cases in which each action makes no difference, not because it has such a tiny effect on the world, but because if it were not performed, a similar action would be. This recognition allows us to connect these problems with discussions of structural injustice.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2023 The Author(s)
Divisions: Philosophy, Logic and Scientific Method
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > B Philosophy (General)
Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2023 11:15
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2024 07:30

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