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Perspectives on scientific error

Van Ravenzwaaij, D., Bakker, M., Heesen, Remco, Romero, F., Van Dongen, N., Crüwell, S., Field, S. M., Held, L., Munafò, M. R., Pittelkow, M. M., Tiokhin, L., Traag, V. A., Van Den Akker, O. R., Van 'T Veer, A. E. and Wagenmakers, E. J. (2023) Perspectives on scientific error. Royal Society Open Science, 10 (7). ISSN 2054-5703

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Identification Number: 10.1098/rsos.230448


Theoretical arguments and empirical investigations indicate that a high proportion of published findings do not replicate and are likely false. The current position paper provides a broad perspective on scientific error, which may lead to replication failures. This broad perspective focuses on reform history and on opportunities for future reform. We organize our perspective along four main themes: institutional reform, methodological reform, statistical reform and publishing reform. For each theme, we illustrate potential errors by narrating the story of a fictional researcher during the research cycle. We discuss future opportunities for reform. The resulting agenda provides a resource to usher in an era that is marked by a research culture that is less error-prone and a scientific publication landscape with fewer spurious findings.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2023 The Author(s)
Divisions: Philosophy, Logic and Scientific Method
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2023 09:48
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2024 17:03

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