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France: health system review 2023

Or, Zeynep, Gandré, Coralie, Seppänen, Anna-Veera, Hernández-Quevedo, Cristina, Webb, Erin, Michel, Morgane and Chevreul, Karine (2023) France: health system review 2023. Health Systems in Transition (3). European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies. ISBN 9789289059497

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This review of the French health system analyses recent developments in health organisation and governance, financing, healthcare provision, recent reforms and health system performance. Overall health status continues to improve in France, although geographic and socioeconomic inequalities in life expectancy persist. The health system combines a social health insurance (SHI) model with an important role for tax-based revenues to finance healthcare. The health system provides universal coverage, with a broad benefits basket, but cost-sharing is required for all essential services. Private complementary insurance to cover these costs results in very low average out-of-pocket (OOP) payments, although there are concerns regarding solidarity, financial redistribution and efficiency in the health system. The macroeconomic context in the last couple of years in the country has been affected by the Covid-19 pandemic, which resulted in subsequent increases of total health expenditure in France in 2020 (3.7%) and 2021 (9.8%). Healthcare provision continues to be highly fragmented in France, with a segmented approach to care organization and funding across primary, secondary and long-term care. Recent reforms aim to strengthen primary care by encouraging multidisciplinary group practices, while public health efforts over the last decade have focused on boosting prevention strategies and tackling lifestyle risk factors, such as smoking and obesity with limited success. Continued challenges include ensuring the sustainability of the health workforce, particularly to secure adequate numbers of health professionals in medically underserved areas, such as rural and less affluent communities, and improving working conditions, remuneration and career prospects, especially for nurses, to support retention. The Covid-19 pandemic has brought to light some structural weaknesses within the French health system, but it has also provided opportunities for improving its sustainability. There has been a notable shift in the will to give more room to decision-making at the local level, involving healthcare professionals, and to find new ways of funding healthcare providers to encourage care coordination and integration.

Item Type: Monograph (Report)
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2023 World Health Organization
Divisions: LSE Health
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2023 12:54
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2023 22:37

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