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The new judicial federalism: the evolving relationship between EU and member state courts

Zglinski, Jan ORCID: 0000-0002-5653-9254 (2023) The new judicial federalism: the evolving relationship between EU and member state courts. European Law Open, 2 (2). 345 - 371. ISSN 2752-6135

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Identification Number: 10.1017/elo.2023.27


A wind of change is blowing through the European judicial landscape. During the past decade, the European Union (EU) judiciary has undergone its biggest institutional overhaul in generations, the rise of authoritarian populism in Central and Eastern Europe has prompted a Rule of Law crisis, several supreme and constitutional courts challenged the supremacy of EU law, while the Court of Justice re-articulated the scope of the duty to refer under Article 267 TFEU and, for the first time, found that domestic last-instance courts breaching it triggered state liability. This Article argues that these and similar developments, once looked at together, suggest that something fundamental has shifted in the EU’s judicial architecture. A new form of judicial federalism has emerged, which departs from the traditional way in which relations between EU and Member State courts used to be structured. Although this new federalism is multifaceted and is marked by both centripetal and centrifugal forces, its distinguishing feature is a stronger centralisation, which manifests itself in a considerably expanded federal judiciary, a greater emphasis on hierarchy, a more careful use of European judicial resources, as well as tighter supervision of national procedures and court structures.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2023 The Author
Divisions: Law
Subjects: K Law > K Law (General)
J Political Science > JN Political institutions (Europe)
Date Deposited: 05 Jul 2023 09:18
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2024 22:36

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