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Jobless and stuck: youth unemployment and COVID-19 in India

Dhingra, Swati and Kondirolli, Fjolla (2023) Jobless and stuck: youth unemployment and COVID-19 in India. IMF Economic Review, 71 (3). 580 - 610. ISSN 2041-4161

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Identification Number: 10.1057/s41308-023-00205-y


Youth unemployment is a big challenge in developing economies, but there is a limited understanding of the dynamics underlying the rise in unemployment among young workers. This article examines youth unemployment and inactivity in India, where the economic contraction from the pandemic was solely responsible for reversing the trend of decades of declining global inequality. Young workers face higher unemployment, have fewer transitions to work, and are more likely to get stuck in unemployment. The pandemic disproportionately pushed young workers out of work and reinforced the pre-existing trends of being more likely to be out of work and stuck in worklessness. Young workers have a strong desire for public employment programmes, with over 80 percent preferring job guarantees among policy options to tackle unemployment in survey experiments. Workers who lose their jobs and become discouraged from finding work afterward are most supportive of a job guarantee.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2023 International Monetary Fund
Divisions: Economics
Centre for Economic Performance
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
JEL classification: J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J6 - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies > J64 - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J6 - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies > J68 - Public Policy
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2023 13:21
Last Modified: 19 May 2024 03:27

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