Cookies?
Library Header Image
LSE Research Online LSE Library Services

The impact of patient safety incidents during hip and knee replacements on patients' health related quality of life: a before and after study using longitudinal data linked to patient-reported outcome measures

Xiao, Mimi, Kristensen, Søren Rud, Marti, Joachim and Mossialos, Elias ORCID: 0000-0001-8664-9297 (2023) The impact of patient safety incidents during hip and knee replacements on patients' health related quality of life: a before and after study using longitudinal data linked to patient-reported outcome measures. International journal of surgery (London, England), 109 (5). 1085 - 1093. ISSN 1743-9159

[img] Text (The_impact_of_patient_safety_incidents_during_hip.3) - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (333kB)

Identification Number: 10.1097/JS9.0000000000000275

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The burden of patient safety incidents (PSIs) is often characterized by their impact on mortality, morbidity, and treatment costs. Few studies have attempted to estimate the impact of PSIs on patients' health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and the studies that have made such estimates primarily focus on a narrow set of incidents. The aim of this paper is to estimate the impact of PSIs on HRQoL of patients undergoing elective hip and knee surgery in England. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A unique linked longitudinal data set consisting of patient-reported outcome measures for patients with hip and knee replacements linked to Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) collected between 2013/14 and 2016/17 was examined. Patients with any of nine US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) PSI indicators were identified. HRQoL was measured using the general EuroQol five dimensions questionnaire (EQ-5D) before and after surgery. Exploiting the longitudinal structure of the data, exact matching was combined with difference in differences to estimate the impact of experiencing a PSI on HRQoL and its individual dimensions, comparing HRQoL improvements after surgery in similar patients with and without a PSI in a retrospective cohort study. This design compares the change in HRQoL before and after surgery in patients who experience a PSI to those who do not. RESULTS: The sample comprised 190 697 and 204 649 observations for patients undergoing hip replacement and knee replacement respectively. For six out of nine PSIs, patients who experienced a PSI reported improvements in HRQoL that were 14-23% lower than those who did not experience a PSI during surgery. Those who experienced a PSI were also more likely to report worse health states after surgery than those without a PSI on all five dimensions of HRQoL. CONCLUSION: PSIs are associated with a substantial negative impact on patients' HRQoL.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://journals.lww.com/international-journal-of-...
Additional Information: © 2023 The Authors
Divisions: Health Policy
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RD Surgery
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2023 09:57
Last Modified: 26 May 2024 06:36
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/119367

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics