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The state and the economy of modern Greece: key drivers from 1821 to the present

Alogoskoufis, George (2023) The state and the economy of modern Greece: key drivers from 1821 to the present. GreeSE Papers: Hellenic Observatory Discussion Papers on Greece and Southeast Europe (184). Hellenic Observatory, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.

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This paper reviews, analyses and interprets the history of the state and the economy of modern Greece, from the eve of the war for independence in 1821 to the present. It identifies three major historical cycles, the cycle of state and nation building, 1821-1898, the cycle of national expansion and consolidation, 1899-1949, and the post-1950 cycle of economic and social development. During these two hundred years, Greece managed to almost triple its national territory, to increase its population by almost 15 times and to increase its real GDP per capita by another 15 times. Yet, Greece was also characterized by long periods of low economic growth and political and economic instability, including national ‘schisms’ and civil wars, high inflation, international over-indebtedness, and sovereign debt crises and defaults. The analysis focuses on the key drivers of these developments, exploring the dynamic interactions of ideas and values, economic and social conditions, political and economic institutions, geopolitical circumstances and international economic and financial regimes.

Item Type: Monograph (Discussion Paper)
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2023 The Author
Divisions: Hellenic Observatory
Subjects: J Political Science > JN Political institutions (Europe)
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
JEL classification: N - Economic History > N1 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Growth and Fluctuations > N10 - General, International, or Comparative
N - Economic History > N2 - Financial Markets and Institutions > N20 - General, International, or Comparative
N - Economic History > N4 - Government, War, Law, and Regulation > N40 - General, International, or Comparative
Date Deposited: 04 May 2023 12:42
Last Modified: 16 May 2024 12:27

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