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Partisanship and anti-elite worldviews as correlates of science and health beliefs in the multi-party system of Spain

Spälti, Anna Katharina, Lyons, Benjamin, Stoeckel, Florian, Stöckli, Sabrina, Szewach, Paula, Mérola, Vittorio, Stednitz, Christine, López González, Paola and Reifler, Jason (2023) Partisanship and anti-elite worldviews as correlates of science and health beliefs in the multi-party system of Spain. Public Understanding of Science, 32 (6). 761 - 780. ISSN 0963-6625

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Identification Number: 10.1177/09636625231154131

Abstract

In a national sample of 5087 Spaniards, we examine the prevalence of 10 specific misperceptions over five separate science and health domains (climate change, 5G technology, genetically modified foods, vaccines, and homeopathy). We find that misperceptions about genetically modified foods and general health risks of 5G technology are particularly widespread. While we find that partisan affiliation is not strongly associated with any of the misperceptions aside from climate change, we find that two distinct dimensions of an anti-elite worldview—anti-expert and conspiratorial mindsets—are better overall predictors of having science and health misperceptions in the Spanish context. These findings help extend our understanding of polarization around science beyond the most common contexts (e.g. the United States) and support recent work suggesting anti-elite sentiments are among the most important predictors of factual misperceptions.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://journals.sagepub.com/home/PUS
Additional Information: © The Author(s) 2023.
Divisions: Government
Subjects: H Social Sciences
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2023 11:30
Last Modified: 15 Apr 2024 21:12
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/118675

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