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The evolution of funding for the International Criminal Court: budgets, donors and gender justice

Wiebelhaus-Brahm, Eric and Ainley, Kirsten (2023) The evolution of funding for the International Criminal Court: budgets, donors and gender justice. Journal of Human Rights, 22 (1). 31 - 46. ISSN 1475-4835

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Identification Number: 10.1080/14754835.2022.2156276


In this article, we introduce a new dataset on financial support for the International Criminal Court (ICC) and examine how this support has changed over its two decades of existence. We first consider how the ICC’s overall budget has changed over time. Then, we explore the evolution of support from individual donor governments. In addition, given former Prosecutor Bensouda’s emphasis on the effective investigation and prosecution of sexual and gender-based crimes, we examine the extent to which ICC funding is consistent with its apparent commitment to gender justice. Our research contributes to debates about the cost of justice, donors and norm diffusion, South–North clashes over the definition and delivery of justice, and gender mainstreaming within costly international justice processes. We argue that the level of funding state parties and other bodies allocate to particular forms of justice is a better proxy for their commitment to justice than their rhetoric, and conclude that the patterns of funding seen at the ICC support the claim that the Court remains, to a significant extent, a tool of powerful states.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2023 The Author(s).
Divisions: IGA: Centre for Women Peace and Security
Subjects: K Law > K Law (General)
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2023 10:39
Last Modified: 15 Jul 2024 01:15

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