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Household joblessness in US metropolitan areas during the COVID19 pandemic: polarization and the role of educational profiles

Biegert, Thomas ORCID: 0000-0001-5437-2561, Özcan, Berkay ORCID: 0000-0003-2255-9406 and Rossetti Youlton, Magdalena (2023) Household joblessness in US metropolitan areas during the COVID19 pandemic: polarization and the role of educational profiles. Socius, 9. ISSN 2378-0231

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Identification Number: 10.1177/23780231231158087

Abstract

The authors use Current Population Survey 2016 to 2021 quarterly data to analyze changes in household joblessness across metropolitan areas in the United States during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. The authors first use shift-share analysis to decompose the change in household joblessness into changes in individual joblessness, household compositions, and polarization. The focus is on polarization, which is the result of the unequal distribution of individual joblessness across households. The authors find that the rise in household joblessness during the pandemic varies strongly across U.S. metropolitan areas. The initial stark increase and subsequent recovery are due largely to changes in individual joblessness. Polarization contributes notably to household joblessness but to varying degree. Second, the authors use metropolitan area–level fixed-effects regressions to test whether the educational profile of the population is a helpful predictor of changes in household joblessness and polarization. They measure three distinct features: educational levels, educational heterogeneity, and educational homogamy. Although much of the variance remains unexplained, household joblessness increased less in areas with higher educational levels. The authors show that how polarization contributes to household joblessness is shaped by educational heterogeneity and educational homogamy.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://journals.sagepub.com/home/SRD
Additional Information: © 2023 The Authors
Divisions: Social Policy
LSE Cities
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2023 15:18
Last Modified: 23 Feb 2024 19:15
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/118181

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