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Brazil's Amazon Fund: a "green fix" between offset pressures and deforestation crisis

Horn, Claudia (2023) Brazil's Amazon Fund: a "green fix" between offset pressures and deforestation crisis. Antipode, 55 (6). 1686 - 1710. ISSN 0066-4812

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Identification Number: 10.1111/anti.12932


Emissions trading and nature-based solutions, particularly REDD+, have lent themselves to the critical literature on the “socioecological fix” in neoliberal capital accumulation and state regulation. Prone to reversals, land conflict, and leakage, these mechanisms displace the burden of carbon emissions reductions to global South countries, promote new green commodities, and thus increase rather than curb the chance of capital accumulations by big polluters. Studies of existing REDD+ projects register the privatisation of forest management on the one hand and “aidification” on the other, suggesting impediments to fully commodifying forest carbon ranging from social movement resistance to technical issues. This case study of Brazil's national Amazon Fund points to global South protagonism in constructing and negotiating REDD+, challenging Northern and market hegemonies. Progressive Southern actors use the political space of the fix to defend rural communities' territorial rights and demand resources in line with historic responsibilities and climate justice.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2023 The Author
Divisions: International Development
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2023 15:48
Last Modified: 19 May 2024 03:03

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