Cookies?
Library Header Image
LSE Research Online LSE Library Services

Association between long-term air pollution exposure and COVID-19 mortality in Latin America

Bonilla, Jorge A., Lopez-Feldman, Alejandro, Pereda, Paula C., Rivera, Nathaly M. and Ruiz-Tagle, J. Cristobal ORCID: 0000-0002-9566-4488 (2023) Association between long-term air pollution exposure and COVID-19 mortality in Latin America. PLOS ONE, 18 (1). ISSN 1932-6203

[img] Text (Association between long-term air pollution exposure and COVID-19 mortality in Latin America) - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (1MB)

Identification Number: 10.1371/journal.pone.0280355

Abstract

Recent studies have shown a relationship between air pollution and increased vulnerability and mortality due to COVID-19. Most of these studies have looked at developed countries. This study examines the relationship between long-term exposure to air pollution and COVID-19-related deaths in four countries of Latin America that have been highly affected by the pandemic: Brazil, Chile, Colombia, and Mexico. Our results suggest that an increase in long-term exposure of 1 μg/m3 of fine particles is associated with a 2.7 percent increase in the COVID-19 mortality rate. This relationship is found primarily in municipalities of metropolitan areas, where urban air pollution sources dominate, and air quality guidelines are usually exceeded. By focusing the analysis on Latin America, we provide a first glimpse on the role of air pollution as a risk factor for COVID-19 mortality within a context characterized by weak environmental institutions, limited health care capacity and high levels of inequality.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://journals.plos.org/plosone/
Additional Information: © 2023 The Authors
Divisions: Geography & Environment
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2023 10:12
Last Modified: 23 Feb 2024 19:15
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/117974

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics